Loop diagrams with near-Planck energies create a strong external gravitational field, which slows down local processes for distant observers up to their freezing. Since Planck length is the gravitational radius of the system of quanta, the events of this and smaller scale cannot occur in finite world time t and do not contribute to the S-matrix. Consequently, gravitational time dilation, leading to a strong redshift of local frequencies, provides gravitational self-regularization of the loop diagrams. The loop corrections without gravity effects, cut off at Planck energy, give upper bounds for the corrections with gravity effects and this fact leads to simple rules of gravitational regularization. The corrections with quanta of gauge fields and gravitons are small, and the perturbation theory series converge. At pre-Planck energies, one-loop graviton contributions are sufficient, since the multi-loop ones are damped by high degrees of the relation “energy/Planck energy”. Scalar field with power-law growing corrections should be effective field. Non-linearity of fields enhances gravity and get faster freezing, which suppresses the high energy terms. Non-renormalizable models are finite, but become consistent only when their loop corrections remain small on Planck scale and this occurs in quantum gravity. Gravitationally regularized Extended Standard Model (ESM), including gravitons and Standard Model with effective scalars, is renormalizable and finite, which simplifies its further generalization.
|QUANTUM AND GRAVITATIONAL PHYSICS|
2:015, 12 p. 04.11.2021 doi:10.9751/QGPH.2-015.7613
|ISSN 2181-0486; EISSN 2181-0508|
©2021 CTPA All rights reserved